*Never feed moldy or rancid foods.

What to Feed:

FoodTypeRatingAdditional Information
Fruits:
ApplesRaw or applesauceGoodSeeds contain minor levels of cyanide, but not enough to be toxic.
BananasWithout the peelGreatHigh in potassium, a good treat.
BerriesAll kindsGreatGood treat, especially strawberries.
GrapesAll kinds, seedless onlyGreatCutting them in half makes them easier to swallow. Great fun for the chickens.
PeachesWithout the pitGoodPit contains cyanide compounds, but the flesh is great.
PomegranateRawGreatSeeds and flesh are a big treat.
RaisinsAll, not sugar coveredGreatGood treat, most chickens love them,
StrawberriesWhole plantGreatAll berries, use as a treat, not much nutritional value.
Vegetables:
AsparagusRaw or cookedFairThey will eat it, but not a favorite.
BeansCooked well, never dryGreatThey will also eat green beans.
BeetsAll kindsGreatThey will eat the greens too.
BroccoliRaw (no stems) or cooked (with stems)GreatPut it in a suet holder and they will peck at it all day.
Brussel SproutsWhole headGreatHang from the ceiling in coop in the winter and they will have something to play with and greens to eat.
CabbageWhole headGreatHang from the ceiling in coop in the winter and they will have something to play with and greens to eat.
CarrotsRaw or cookedGreatThey like the carrot greens too.
CauliflowerRaw or cookedGreatPut it in a suet holder and they will peck at it all day.
CornRaw or cookedGoodNot a great source of protein but a good treat and found in most scratch grains.
CucumbersMature growthGoodChickens like both the seeds and the flesh.
EggplantCookedFairIn moderation, leaves should not be fed. See Solanine* below.
HerbsMost typesGoodSome help with respiratory issues, some are egg laying stimulants. There will be an additional post about herbs and animals.
KaleAll kindsGreatAny leafy green is a big treat.
KohlrabiRaw or cookedGood Like beets and turnips, if they eat it, they will eat the greens and all.
LettuceAll kindsGreatAny leafy green is a big treat.
MelonsAll kindsGreatSeeds and flesh are goth good treats.
OkraAll kindsFairDoesn't seem to be a favorite, but won't hurt them.
ParsnipsRaw or cookedGood Nutritious. If raw, best grated or chopped.
PeasAll kindsGoodA good treat and high in protein.
PeppersCookedFairIn moderation, leaves should not be fed. See Solanine* below.
PotatoesCooked only, includes sweet potatoes/yamsFair In moderation, leaves should not be fed. See Solanine* below.
PumpkinRaw or cookedGreatBoth seeds and flesh are a nutritious treat.
RadishRaw or cookedGoodChickens like then. If raw, best grated or chopped.
SpinachAll kindsGreatAny leafy green is a big treat.
SproutsMicrogreensGreatWheat and oat sprouts are great. Good for greens in the winter.
SquashAll kinds, halvedGoodThey will eat the seeds and the flesh and leave the skin. Good source of nutrition.
Swiss ChardAll kindsGoodChickens will eat the entire plant.
Tomatoes CookedFairIn moderation, leaves should not be fed. See Solanine* below.
TurnipsCookedFairNot a huge favorite.
ZucchiniAll kinds, halvedGoodThey will eat the seeds and the flesh and leave the skin. Good source of nutrition.
Other:
Cat foodWet or dryFairIn strict monderation only. High protein, but not formulated for chickens. Has additives they don't need.
CheeseCottage cheese includedFairFeed in moderation. Good source of protein and calcium, but fatty.
CricketsAliveGreatProvides protein and fun to watch chickens try to catch them.
EggsCooked, scrambled or hard boiledFairIf a good source of protein, however, not necessarily a good idea to feed chickens, chicken products. Never feed raw. Don't want chickens eating their own raw eggs.
FlowersNo pesticide treatmentFairMarigolds, nasturtiums, pansies and sunflowers to name a few. Usually chickens will stay away from harmful flowers.
GrainsWheat, corn, flax, bulgar, etc.GoodUsually fed as scratch grains to keep chickens entertained. Should be fed with a protein enriched complete feed.
MealwormsAlive or deadGreatThe biggest favorite!! Live, purchased at pet stores. Dried can be purchased at many livestock feed stores.
MeatCookedFairFeed in moderation. Do not feed raw due to bacteria. Low fat meats such as fish are the best.
OatmealRaw or cookedGreatCooked is nutritionally better.
PastaAll kinds, cookedFairFun to eat, but not a lot of nutritional value.
PopcornPopped, not butter or saltFairNot much nutritional value.
RiceCooked onlyFairPilaf mixes are okay and have more nutrition than white rice.
Sunflower seedsAll typesGoodBlack Oil Sunflower seeds are the best due to higher fat content.
YogurtPlain or flavoredGoodA favorite and good for a chicken's digestive system. Plain is better that flavored.

What you Should Not Feed:

(listed rating as “never” are foods that should never be fed!)

FoodTypeRatingAdditional Information
ArtichokeRaw or cookedNeverDo not feed vegetables that have a woody texture. Much of the vegetable is not edible.
AvocadoAll partsNeverPits and skin contain Persin which is a toxin.
BreadAll kindsFairStartches are not the best treats.
CeleryCut smallFairNot a good treat because of the stringiness. Not well liked.
CerealCheerios typeFair Avoid highly sugared cereals.
OnionAny partFairNot recommended as onions and garlic can negatively affect the taste of the eggs.
Potato skinGreen peelingsNeverSee Solanine* below.
RhubarbAny partNever Leaves contain oxalic acid that is toxic.
MilkAny type, yogurt is okayNeverChickens do not have the enzymes to digest milk. Lactose in yogurt is already broken down and okay to feed.

This list was based on the Backyard Chicken Forum, but enhanced by my own research.

*Solanine is a glycoalkaloid poison found in species of the nightshade family, such as the potato, the tomato and the eggplant that can affect the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system. It can occur naturally in any part of the plant, including the leaves, fruit and tubers. Not produced in large enough doses to affect humans or animals in any of these items. To note, humans and anumals should stay away from potatoes that have skin that has started turning green as the potato has elevated levels of Solanine.

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